Telecom operators and cloud providers alike are shifting their business models to offer cloud services to their customers. The existing interconnection network to carriers, clouds or IBX and the physical data center infrastructure are a perfect place for enterprise customers to build their corporate clouds.
Renting cloud data center infrastructure is an interesting option for enterprise companies that do not want to invest in their own data center infrastructure, preferring to hire the Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) instead. Together with other cloud applications such as Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Software as a Service (SaaS), cloud-based services have become a prevailing business model. Smaller customers also benefit from cloud services, such as file storage, website hosting, office applications, video meetings etc.
Other customers are using the IT premises of telecom providers to house their own cloud data center infrastructure, which can also be outsourced or used privately. This business model is called a commercial data center, and the data center operator becomes a colocation provider. For details of applications for colocation data centers, please refer to the relevant section of the website.
Since a large number of companies and businesses have already decided to migrate to the cloud and many others are heading in the same direction, cloud service providers have to ensure the reliability of the network to deliver the expected quality.
Cloud data centers contain a massive amount of fiber connections, which are used to interconnect hardware, servers, storage and a number of other IT component in order to achieve highly automated service delivery. Spine-leaf architecture can be found in many cloud data centers, and cross-connecting systems are also beneficial, as they allow rapid reconfigurations and clear fiber routing and management. Redundancy also plays an important role and safeguards the availability of the many services running on the cloud. Plug-and-play cabling enables quick changes with guaranteed performance.
HUBER+SUHNER optical solutions allow cloud data center providers to connect high-density systems in a small footprint, without neglecting operational requirements. Usability is combined with performance to allow high bandwidth and reliability.
The increasing demand for low latency in data transmission – initially driven by video streaming, and followed by a number of other applications such as gaming, Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR), Industry 4.0 and IoT – has increased the need for edge data centers.
The main function of an edge data center is to “extend” the cloud network by bringing it closer to the applications and delivering services such as computing resources and processing power. This relieves the load on the cloud data center processing units and reduces traffic between applications and the cloud. As a result, it reduces latency and increases network efficiency.
Compared to traditional data centers, edge data centers tend to be smaller and are located in both urban and remote areas in order to be as close as possible to the source of data. Due to these characteristics, they tend to be remotely managed and highly automated, which makes optical switches a perfect match. Edge data centers can be prefabricated, in which case the internal cabling forms part of the package. The operators of edge data centers face new challenges in ensuring outside cabling connections.
Some telecom operators and service providers are able to use existing Points of Presence (POP) or other telecom installations to deploy edge data center facilities when they are placed at a strategic location. This is usually an effective way to take advantage of the available infrastructure and maximise revenue at existing sites.
Deploying an edge data center raises some different challenges compared to traditional data centers, particularly in terms of available space, security, resource availability (power, personnel, etc.) and operation and maintenance. HUBER+SUHNER has therefore collaborated with TIA and others to draft an addendum to ANSI/TIA-942 that includes unique features and best practices for edge data centers.
In pursuing the most effective edge data center deployment, HUBER+SUHNER is addressing the challenges posed in this area through a broad fiber optical solutions offer, while keeping an eye on upcoming news and trends.
Cloud data center infrastructure
Commercial data center